The Queen and the Church of England — Diocese of Norwich
The Sovereign holds the title of “Defender of the Faith and Supreme Governor of the Church of England”.
This dates back to the reign of King Henry VIII, who was given the title of “Defender of the Faith” in 1521 by Pope Leo X. When Henry VIII renounced the spiritual authority of the papacy in 1534, he was proclaimed “supreme ruler over earth “. of the Church of England. This was repealed by Queen Mary I but reinstated during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, who was proclaimed “Supreme Governor” of the Church of England.
At Her Majesty The Queen’s coronation in 1953, she was anointed by the Archbishop of Canterbury and sworn to “maintain and preserve inviolably the establishment of the Church of England, together with the doctrine, worship, discipline and the government thereof, in accordance with the law”. established in England.
The Queen officially appoints Archbishops, Bishops and Deans of the Church of England. Deacons and parish priests in the Church of England also take an oath of allegiance to the Sovereign.
In 1970, the Queen became the first sovereign to inaugurate and address the General Synod in person. After that, His late Majesty inaugurated and pronounced the opening session of the General Synod every five years.
Find out more from the national Church of England website: The Queen: Her Faith and the Church of England | The Church of England